中文 English

图书详情

首页

英文文献

我的书架

当前位置: 首页 > 图书详情

中国西南民族档案资源集成管理研究

The Study of Southwest Ethnic Archives Resources Integration Management in China

杨毅[著]

民族学

少数民族 档案管理 研究 中国

2018-01-01

978-7-5203-2035-1

283

13

扫码阅读

  • 内容简介
  • 书籍目录
  • 作者简介
  • 参考文献
内容简介

我国西南地区民族众多,其丰富多彩的民族档案资源,非常值得从事更充分的开发和利用。本书运用档案学、民族学原理,从现代国家建设与发展的视角,在梳理分析西南民族档案管理的历史与现状的基础上,提出以集成控制、集成归档、集成服务为核心内容,以“管为不管、共生共享”为目标的实施西南地区民族档案资源集成管理的战略构想,并对集成管理中的保障体系、绩效评估、风险防范等相关问题分别展开比较专门化的讨论。

From the perspective of human historical development, a nation is a stable community formed by human beings in the process of survival and development, and it is a product of the development of human society to a certain stage. In the historical stage of national existence, all ethnic groups have left a large number of original records of various carriers with memory value reflecting the occurrence and development of national culture, which is solidified memory, that is, national archives. Following people's usual thinking, ethnic archives are the abbreviation of various ethnic minority archives or minority archives. However, according to the diversity and multi-source characteristics of Chinese cultural composition, ethnic archives are the product of the archivization of various ethnic cultures, including the Han Chinese. It contains various archives of the country's existing 55 ethnic minorities and Han Chinese, as well as the archives of ethnic groups that once existed in history but are now extinct. As a companion of human civilization, national archives have historical resource value that is irreplaceable by other materials, and contain great potential value and development potential. Therefore, the resource of national archives and the management of national archives with more rich connotation and modern atmosphere are conducive to people standing at the height of the times and placing archival work in a broader social background and a more comprehensive thinking framework to carry out in-depth and multi-directional investigation and research. In today's Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Chongqing, Tibet, and Guangxi ethnic regions, there are 35 ethnic minorities living in addition to the Han. The ethnic groups in the southwest region not only have differences in historical evolution, population distribution and cultural development, but also have complicated relations between the southwestern ethnic groups and the Han ethnic group in the Central Plains, between ethnic groups and ethnic groups abroad, and between ethnic groups and ethnic groups with the same origin abroad. Therefore, it is determined that the ethnic archive resources of southwest China have four prominent characteristics: typical and unique ecological culture has formed the diversity of ethnic archive resources; The long national history and culture have constructed the diversity of national archival resources; The harmonious coexistence of multi-source cultural types casts the richness of national archival resources; The special geopolitical culture highlights the openness and compatibility of national archival resources. These characteristics are an important basis for research, and thus determine the southwest direction of the study. However, both the ethnic archive resources of Southwest China and the ethnic archive resources of China's 56 ethnic groups play an important role in extending the memory, extending history, and giving birth to new civilizations and progress in regional and national development. Therefore, how to integrate the archives of various ethnic groups that have been preserved with the actual needs and future construction, and meet the needs of the development of the current era, is not only a problem faced by all ethnic groups in the southwest region, but also by all ethnic groups in other parts of China. Its essence is the management of national archives, and its core is development and utilization. Integrated management is the development trend of archives management under modern information technology. The integrated management of ethnic archive resources is, on the one hand, based on solving the contradiction between the basic status quo of China's long history, ethnic diversity and scattered archives and the development trend of intelligent and integrated modern archive management; On the other hand, it emphasizes that national archive resources are necessary resources for the development of human beings and human society, strives to highlight the special side of ethnic archives as resources, and promotes the in-depth development of national archive resource management. In recent years, all kinds of archives at all levels in southwest China have popularized information technology, the construction of electronic archives has been fruitful, the structure of digital archive resources tends to be optimized, the total amount of resources has always been on the rise, the construction of archive website system has been roughly scaled, and the construction of digital archives has developed to a new stage; The professional level of archival practitioners has been improved, and the talent allocation of archives at all levels has become increasingly reasonable. It can be said that exploring the establishment of integrated management of ethnic archive resources in southwest China has good practical conditions; Building an integrated management of ethnic archives resources in Southwest China for the purpose of improving the ability of ethnic archives management in southwest China is the direction of future construction of ethnic archives resources in Southwest China. The strategic goal of building the integrated management of ethnic archive resources in southwest China is to realize the online collaborative operation of cross-departmental business of archives management departments at all levels in the management and utilization of ethnic archives resources in southwest China, resource sharing in the integrated management system of ethnic archives resources in southwest China, and effective operation of offline business in accordance with unified business rules and data standards of the state. Realize the construction goal of unified, integrated and coordinated integrated management of ethnic archive resources in southwest China. Its future development direction is to further use the national archive resources construction platform to realize online cross-regional and cross-departmental online interaction and offline integration in the archive industry, and finally integrate into the large system, platform and space of national national archive resource sharing. As a large system project, the integrated management of southwest ethnic archives resources needs to be composed of the following subsystems: the strategic planning system of the integrated management of southwest ethnic archives resources, the business process system of the integrated management of southwest ethnic archives resources, the guarantee system of the integrated management of southwest ethnic archives resources, the performance evaluation system of the integrated management of southwest ethnic archives resources, and the risk prevention system of the integrated management of southwestern ethnic archives resources. The subsystems are interdependent, complementary and cooperative, and jointly build the strategic framework of integrated management of ethnic archive resources in Southwest China. To implement and build this system framework, it is necessary to highlight the following: (1) build a strategic planning system for the integrated management of ethnic archive resources in Southwest China with the concept of ecology, fully reflect the interaction between the natural environment and the artificial environment, the integrated management system and the local cultural environment, and make overall planning to ensure the sustainable development of the integrated management of ethnic archive resources in Southwest China; (2) Build a business process system for the integrated management of archives resources of Southwest China with a professional concept, realize the accurate docking of integrated control, archiving and service links with mature advanced technology, and establish a high-tech and knowledge-based integrated management business process of archive resources from the source around user needs; (3) To build a guarantee system for the integrated management of ethnic archive resources in Southwest China with the concept of socialization, it is necessary to take the integration and sharing of cultural resources as the consensus of cooperation between archives management institutions and cultural institutions such as libraries and museums, and establish long-term cooperative relations with governments, enterprises and social groups at all levels, and establish an open and harmonious social security that is conducive to the healthy development of integrated management from the inside out; (4) Build a performance evaluation system for the integrated management of ethnic archive resources in Southwest China with the concept of knowledge, enhance the objectivity and rationality, operability and authority of the index system, promote construction and increase benefits through evaluation, and provide a scientific basis for self-improvement and self-improvement of integrated management construction; (5) Build a risk prevention system for the integrated management of southwest ethnic archives resources with the concept of intelligence, cluster analysis, early warning and prevention of various uncertainties and possible accidents that may exist in the organization, construction and services, and avoid the threat of various risks to the integrated management of southwest ethnic archives resources to the greatest extent. The integrated management of ethnic archive resources in Southwest China is a management model proposed based on the characteristics of ethnic archive resources in Southwest China, the special needs of archival users for ethnic archive resources in Southwest China and the development trend of southwest ethnic archive resources management. How to base on the level of social and economic development in southwest China and the current situation of ethnic archives management, adopt reasonable strategies, promote the process of integrated management of ethnic archives resources in southwest China in a planned and step-by-step manner, and turn the idealized management mode into an objective reality is an unavoidable and important issue. To this end, the construction of integrated management of ethnic archive resources in southwest China should adhere to the four principles of equality, mutual benefit, mutual trust and sharing, and adopt strategies such as planning first, phased harvest, seizing opportunities, and technological boosting. Step-by-step implementation, steady progress, and step-by-step development: The first step is to use integrated technologies and standards to realize the integrated management of ethnic archive resource management in southwest China; The second step is to submit the normalized metadata to the integrated management system to realize an integrated logic platform; The third step is to complete the construction of the strategic framework for the integrated management of ethnic archive resources in Southwest China and realize the entity platform for integrated management; The fourth step is to take big data as the starting point, give full play to its "leading" role brought by its macroscopic, rapid and accurate characteristics, and promote the integrated management of ethnic archive resources in southwest China to form a general pattern of linkage of all parties. In other words, with the help of technical support and through the integrated management platform of ethnic archives resources in Southwest China, it is necessary to promote complementary advantages and pragmatic cooperation in the management of ethnic archives resources in three provinces, one city and two districts in Southwest China. The integrated management of ethnic archive resources in Southwest China, like other industries, is constantly developing. Development and change is the eternal theme of the integrated management of ethnic archive resources in Southwest China. The continuous development of all ethnic groups in southwest China in society, culture and other aspects will promote the maturity and improvement of the integrated management of ethnic archive resources in southwest China, thereby providing a more solid and effective foundation for the leapfrog development of integrated management of ethnic archive resources in southwest China. It can be said that integrated management is the road to the construction of ethnic archive resources in southwest China, and wherever the road leads, ethnic archive resources will be integrated; Integrated management is the rule road for the construction of ethnic archive resources in Southwest China, and with more collaboration, the sharing of ethnic archive resources in Southwest China will be convenient and smooth. Integrated management is also a road of struggle, "integration for management, management for sharing" is our construction concept, "management for ignorance, symbiosis and sharing" is our ideal and goal to strive for. The purpose of studying the integrated management of ethnic archive resources in Southwest China is to seek and provide unremitting spiritual motivation and value orientation for people to manage ethnic archive resources in Southwest China, and to improve the realm of integrated managers and users of ethnic archive resources in Southwest China; It aims to build an open platform for China's ethnic archive resources, so that the whole China and even the world can better understand and use ethnic archive resources, and forever maintain the vitality of national archive resources; It is intended to enrich the connotation of ethnic archival science in China and provide theoretical resources for the development of archival science in China. Integrate together for the benefit of humanity.(AI翻译)

置顶