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侗语语音语法及名物的多视角研究

The Kam Language in Multiperspectives:Phonetics,Grammar and Onomastics

石林[著]

侗语 语音 语法 研究

2019-06-01

978-7-5161-8548-3

373

9

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内容简介

本著作对侗语语音、语法和名物进行了多视角、多层面、多方位的深入分析研究。
语音方面,从语言年代学视角探讨侗台语分化时限,提出侗语是1000年前左右从侗台语中分化出来等观点;运用历史比较法对侗族语音史进行构拟,认为古代侗语有复辅音、前喉塞和浊塞音声母;对目前学界的侗语方言土语划分提出异见,运用区别性特征、通解度等理论进行调研,证实其划分确有不当之处、亟须修正。
语法方面,从比较语法学、形态语法学、标记理论等角度对侗语语法进行多层面研究,指出侗语除了具有分析型语法特征外,也具有形态学语法特征;而侗语动物植物人物的前缀、报京侗语所有前缀等,都具有语法“标记范畴”的功能。
词汇方面,将词汇学与生物系统学及人类学传统知识研究的方法相结合,对日益深陷濒危的侗语传统地名、传统人名、自然名物(特别是动植物名称词)进行了抢救性的整理和研究,对于推动侗语词汇学研究走向纵深和促进民族名物学在中国的发展具有开拓性的意义。

This work provides a multi-perspective, multi-level and multi-directional in-depth analysis and research on the phonetics, grammar and famous objects of the Dong language. In terms of phonetics, this paper discusses the time limit of Dong-Taiwan differentiation from the perspective of linguistic chronology, and puts forward the view that Dong language was diverged from Dongtai about 1000 years ago. The historical comparison method was used to construct the phonetic history of the Dong people, and it was concluded that the ancient Dong language had complex consonants, anterior laryngeal stoppers and voiced stop vowels. The current division of Dong dialects and indigenous languages in the academic circles was put forward to investigate, and the theory of distinguishing characteristics and general understanding was used to investigate and confirm that its division was indeed inappropriate and urgently needed to be corrected. In terms of grammar, this paper studies the grammar of Dong from the perspectives of comparative grammar, morphological grammar and marker theory, and points out that Dong grammar has morphological grammar characteristics in addition to analytic grammar. The prefixes of Dong animal and plant characters, all prefixes of Dong language, etc., have the function of grammatical "marking category". In terms of vocabulary, by combining lexicology with biological systematics and anthropological traditional knowledge research, the increasingly endangered traditional place names, traditional personal names, and natural names (especially animal and plant names) are sorted out and studied, which is of pioneering significance for promoting the depth of Dong lexicology research and promoting the development of ethnic names in China.(AI翻译)

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