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“约法”社会:清代民国清水江流域契约社会环境中的民族法秩序

民族法学 研究 中国 清代 民国

2018-03-01

978-7-5161-9300-6

433

7

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内容简介

从清代开始贵州省黔东南地区清水江流域林业经济兴起,民间契约的大量缔结,契约环境基本形成,这就奠定了“契约型社会”法的重要基础。国家“法领域”“契约领域”“约法领域”的共存构成这一地区的法秩序,由于清水江流域地处各民族共生生存的环境下,这种法秩序便可以称为“民族法秩序”。历史上在这些民族村寨中,纯粹以国家法建构的秩序不曾有过,而是国家法结合民间法和民间惯行形成的“混和型法”秩序,即国家法、村寨法、民间惯行共同构成了村寨社会的规范体系,其重要体现就是本书反复说的“盟约”“乡约”“禁约”“公约”“契约”存在、联系及相互作用,使清水江流域成了典型的“约法”社会。

Since the Qing Dynasty, the forestry economy in the Qingshui River Basin in the southeast region of Guizhou Province has risen, a large number of civil contracts have been concluded, and the contract environment has basically formed, which has laid an important foundation for the "contract society" law. The coexistence of the country's "legal field", "contract field" and "covenant law field" constitutes the legal order in this region, and because the Qingshui River basin is located in the environment of symbiosis and survival of various ethnic groups, this legal order can be called the "national legal order". In these ethnic villages in history, there has never been an order constructed purely by state law, but a "mixed law" order formed by combining state law and folk law, that is, state law, village law, and folk practice together constitute the normative system of village society, and its important embodiment is the existence, connection and interaction of "covenants", "township conventions", "prohibitions", "conventions" and "contracts" repeatedly mentioned in this book, making the Qingshui River basin a typical "covenant" society.(AI翻译)

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