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晚清津海关道研究

An Analysis of Tianjin Customs Taotai in Late Qing Dynasty

谭春玲[著]

海关 经济史 研究 天津 清后期

2018-07-01

978-7-5203-2953-8

354

7

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内容简介

同治九年(1870),天津教案爆发,中央决定裁撤三口通商大臣,添设津海关道,专管中外交涉和新、钞两关税务。津海关道的设置突破了原本由天津道兼管交涉和海关事务的常规做法,成为一个特例。自设立以来,津海关道以其重要的地位逐步成为直隶总督兼北洋大臣的得力臂膀,并在办理对外交涉、管理海关以及投身洋务新政事业的过程中日益拓展自身职能,成为尽力弥补中外隔阂,缩短中外差距的近代新式官僚。甲午中日战争后,李鸿章离职,津海关道职权、薪体等制度逐步丧失了直隶总督的支持与保护,津海关道长袖善舞的形象悄然发生改变,最后收缩在清末中央和地方缺乏周密安排的改革浪潮中,终结在清王朝灭亡的大变革时代里,这是津海关道制度内在多重矛盾使然,也是时代发展的必然。

In the ninth year of Tongzhi (1870), the Tianjin Teaching Case broke out, and the central government decided to abolish the three ministers of trade and commerce, and added the Tianjin Customs Road to manage the two customs of Chinese diplomacy and new and banknote taxes. The establishment of the Tianjin Customs Road broke through the conventional practice of Tianjin Province to manage both negotiation and customs affairs, and became a special case. Since its establishment, Tianjin Customs Province has gradually become the right-hand man of the Governor and Minister of Beiyang with its important position, and has increasingly expanded its functions in the process of handling diplomatic affairs, managing customs, and devoting itself to the new foreign affairs undertaking, becoming a new modern bureaucrat that tries its best to bridge the gap between China and the outside world and shorten the gap between China and foreign countries. After the Sino-Japanese War, Li Hongzhang resigned, and the system of functions and powers and salary bodies of the Tianjin Customs Road gradually lost the support and protection of the directly subordinate governor, and the image of the long-sleeved dancer of the Tianjin Customs Road quietly changed, and finally contracted in the wave of reform that lacked careful arrangements between the central and local governments in the late Qing Dynasty, ending in the era of great change in the fall of the Qing Dynasty, which was caused by the inherent multiple contradictions of the Tianjin Customs Road system and the inevitable development of the times.(AI翻译)

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