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中国脱贫攻坚调研报告.湘西篇

RESEARCH REPORTS ON THE ELIMINATION OF POVERTY IN CHINA——XIANGXI TUJIA AND MIAO AUTONOMOUS PREFECTURE,HUNAN PROVINCE

扶贫 调查报告 湘西土家族苗族自治州

2020-05-01

978-7-5203-6774-5

155

8

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内容简介

2019年4月,中国社会科学院积极响应国家主席习近平在2018年中非合作论坛北京峰会开幕式主旨讲话精神,成立中国非洲研究院,旨在同非洲各国深化文明互鉴,加强治国理政和发展经验交流,为中非共建“一带一路”,共同建设面向未来的中非全面战略合作伙伴关系,携手构筑更加紧密的中非命运共同体提供智力支持和人才支撑。
习近平主席在致中国非洲研究院成立贺信中指出,希望中国非洲研究院汇聚中非学术智库资源,增进中非人民相互了解和友谊,为中非和中非同其他各方的合作集思广益、建言献策,为促进中非关系发展、构建人类命运共同体贡献力量。
中国非洲研究院成立以来,着力打造中非交流平台,密切中非学术交往,促进人心相通;发挥研究基地作用,开展共同研究,助力中非共建“一带一路”;发挥人才高地作用,培养高端专业人才;发挥传播窗口作用,讲好中国故事、非洲故事和中非友好合作故事。

Abstract: Located in the mountainous area of western Hunan, Xiangxi has painstakingly explored the road of poverty alleviation and poverty alleviation, and has made arduous efforts. When General Secretary Xi Jinping inspected Xiangxi on November 3, 2013, he made an important instruction of "seeking truth from facts, adapting measures to local conditions, providing guidance by category, and targeted poverty alleviation", and put forward the concept of "targeted poverty alleviation" for the first time, which not only brought unprecedented historic opportunities for Xiangxi's poverty alleviation and development, but also injected strong impetus and pointed out the way forward for China's poverty alleviation and alleviation. Under the guidance of the concept of "precise poverty alleviation", Xiangxi Prefecture has comprehensively promoted the "Ten Projects", providing inexhaustible impetus for poverty alleviation in Xiangxi. Including: development production poverty alleviation project, rural tourism poverty alleviation project, employment transfer poverty alleviation project, relocation poverty alleviation project, ecological compensation poverty alleviation project, education development poverty alleviation project, medical aid and assistance project, social security support project, infrastructure supporting project and public service guarantee project. As of March 2020, all eight counties and cities in Xiangxi have achieved poverty alleviation, the overall regional poverty problem has been basically solved, and Xiangxi has made historic achievements in poverty alleviation. Xiangxi's poverty alleviation experience includes: keeping in mind General Secretary Xi's earnest instructions and improving political standing; Strengthen the leadership of the Party committee and consolidate the four-level responsibility; Adhere to classification guidance and implement the "Ten Projects"; Highlight precise efforts, promote the 6751865 of "five combinations", pay attention to the quality of poverty alleviation, and achieve the 6751866 of "four prevention and two strictness". "Getting rid of poverty is not the end, but the beginning of a new life and a new struggle." In the future, Xiangxi will continue to implement the requirements of high-quality development, take the consolidation and improvement of poverty alleviation achievements as the general starting point, take poor villages as the main battlefield, take solving the problem of relative poverty as the main direction of attack, focus on establishing a long-term mechanism to solve relative poverty, comprehensively improve the development capacity of poor rural areas in Xiangxi Prefecture, and start the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy in a timely manner. This report mainly uses field visits, interviews, literature reading, and media reports to collect relevant information and materials, and summarize, analyze and judge on this basis as the material and basis for writing this report. This report consists of six chapters, introducing the concept of targeted poverty alleviation, the basic situation and characteristics of Xiangxi, reviewing the poverty alleviation process in Xiangxi, fully displaying the measures, typical cases and achievements of Xiangxi's precision poverty alleviation, and also describing the direction of Xiangxi's future efforts to alleviate poverty. Keywords: targeted poverty alleviation; Eighteen Cave Village; Ten projects; Five combined; Four defenses and two strictness; Abstract: Xiangxi is located in the mountainous area of western Hunan.Throughout recent history, many people have made great efforts to alleviate poverty in the region. During his inspection of Xiangxi on November 3,2013, General Secretary Xi Jinping made an instruction that we should“seek truth from data, adapt to local conditions, and implement Targeted Poverty Alleviation”. This concept of Targeted Poverty Alleviation was proposed for the first time in history, presenting unprecedented historical opportunities for the development of Xiangxi,and it also pointed out the way forward for poverty alleviation throughout China.Under the guidance of the concept of Targeted Poverty Alleviation, Xiangxi Prefecture comprehensively promoted the Ten Projects, which were a highly effective source of poverty alleviation. These projects include the development of production, rural tourism, employment migration, relocation, ecological compensation, the development of education, healthcare assistance, social security, infrastructure facilities construction and public services. By March 2020, all eight counties and cities in Xiangxi have achieved the goal of poverty alleviation,and the overall regional poverty problem has been basically resolved. The poverty alleviation efforts have achieved historic success. Poverty alleviation experiences in Xiangxi Prefecture include: strengthening the party committee's leadership and fulfilling the four-level responsibilities; adhering to guidance and implementing Ten Projects; making precise efforts; promoting the Five Combinations6751867; focusing on the quality of poverty alle viation; and achieving the Four Preventions and Two Requirements6751868.“ Removing poverty is not the end point,but the starting point of a new life and a new struggle.” In the future, Xiangxi will continue to implement the development requirements, with an overall focus on consolidating and improving the positive results of poverty alleviation. Poor villages will be the battlefield on which to solve poverty problems and begin to fix problems related to relative poverty, focusing on establishing a long-term mechanism to solve these problems, comprehensively improving the development capacity of poor rural areas in Xiangxi Prefecture, and launching the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy in due course. The investigators and authors of the Report collected information through trips to the field,interviews,literature review,and an examination of press reports. After analyzing these sources, they selected the materials and references for the final Report.The Report is composed of six chapters,introducing the proposal of the concept of Targeted Poverty Alleviation, providing an overview of the region and reviewing the history and performance of its various poverty alleviation methods. The authors also explain the specific measures enacted, some typical cases, the achievements of the program and the direction of future poverty alleviation work. Key words: Targeted Poverty Alleviation; Shibadong Village; Ten Projects; Five Combinations; Four Preventions and Two Requirements; Future Development.(AI翻译)

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