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互动与认同:古典时期中国与希腊族群认同的比较

魏孝稷[著]

古典时期 希腊族群 中国

2015-04-01

978-7-5161-6021-3

217

16

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  • 内容简介
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  • 作者简介
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内容简介

本书以上古时期中国和希腊为中心,讨论了两大族群在公元前8世纪至公元前5世纪所经历的认同变迁问题。作者认为发生在这一时期的族际大互动促成了华夏和希腊认同的文化转向。族际大互动之前,华夏和希腊的族群认同主要以血缘为标准,而族际大互动之后,文化标准成为族群边界的新的界标,形成了文化认同的传统,同时也产生了对他者的文化偏见意识。
华夏与希腊的族群认同变迁除具有这种相似性之外,还具有差异性。华夏国家摒弃了认同的血缘标准,以文化标准为本位;希腊人采用的是文化、血缘兼具的复合标准,血缘标准的遗存表现出了种族主义的早期形态。华夏国家采用一体并立的思维方式认识自我和他者的关系,而希腊人采取的是二元对立的思维方式。中希族群认同的差异分别为中华文明和希腊—西方文明带来不同的文化遗产。

Centered on ancient China and Greece, the book discusses the identity changes experienced by the two major groups between the 8th and 5th centuries BC. The author argues that the great interethnic interactions that took place during this period contributed to a cultural shift in Chinese and Greek identity. Before the inter-ethnic interaction, the ethnic identity of China and Greece was mainly based on blood as the standard, and after the inter-ethnic interaction, the cultural standard became a new landmark of the ethnic boundary, forming a tradition of cultural identity, and at the same time generating a sense of cultural prejudice against others. In addition to this similarity, the ethnic identity changes of China and Greece are also different. The Chinese state abandoned the blood criterion of identity and based on cultural standards; The Greeks adopted a composite standard of culture and kinship, and the legacy of the criterion of kinship shows an early form of racism. The Chinese state adopted a one-sided way of thinking to understand the relationship between self and other, while the Greeks adopted a dualistic way of thinking. The differences in Chinese and Greek ethnic identities brought different cultural heritages to Chinese civilization and Greek-Western civilization respectively.(AI翻译)

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