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中国脱贫攻坚调研报告.盐池篇

RESEARCH REPORTS ON THE ELIMINATION OF POVERTY IN CHINA

扶贫 调查报告 盐池县

2020-05-01

978-7-5203-6953-4

187

9

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内容简介

2019年4月,中国社会科学院积极响应国家主席习近平在2018年中非合作论坛北京峰会开幕式主旨讲话精神,成立中国非洲研究院,旨在同非洲各国深化文明互鉴,加强治国理政和发展经验交流,为中非共建“一带一路”,共同建设面向未来的中非全面战略合作伙伴关系,携手构筑更加紧密的中非命运共同体提供智力支持和人才支撑。
习近平主席在致中国非洲研究院成立贺信中指出,希望中国非洲研究院汇聚中非学术智库资源,增进中非人民相互了解和友谊,为中非和中非同其他各方的合作集思广益、建言献策,为促进中非关系发展、构建人类命运共同体贡献力量。
中国非洲研究院成立以来,着力打造中非交流平台,密切中非学术交往,促进人心相通;发挥研究基地作用,开展共同研究,助力中非共建“一带一路”;发挥人才高地作用,培养高端专业人才;发挥传播窗口作用,讲好中国故事、非洲故事和中非友好合作故事。

Abstract: Ningxia Yanchi County is located at the junction of Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Ningxia and Mongolian provinces, located at the southern edge of the Maowusu Desert, is an old revolutionary area and a national-level poverty county, "old", "few", "border" and "poor" have been synonymous with Yanchi County for a long time. Yanchi County's road to poverty alleviation has gone through five stages: from the construction of the "Three Wests" from 1983 to 1993 to the "Double Hundred" attack from 1994 to 2000, from poverty alleviation in 1,000 villages from 2001 to 2010 to poverty alleviation for one million poor people from 2011 to 2015, and then to targeted poverty alleviation from 2016 to 2020. Especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Yanchi County has deeply implemented General Secretary Xi Jinping's basic strategy of targeted poverty alleviation and targeted poverty alleviation, launched a general attack on poverty with the strength of the whole county, identified the road to poverty alleviation, compacted the main responsibility, stimulated the endogenous motivation of the poor people, coordinated the implementation of ten projects such as industrial poverty alleviation, financial poverty alleviation, photovoltaic poverty alleviation, scientific and technological poverty alleviation, ecological poverty alleviation, and infrastructure improvement, focusing on the development of beach sheep, pasture, Chinese herbal medicine, small grains, yellow flowers and family-run small variety industries suitable for farmers to increase income. Strengthen the industry to steadily increase income, ram the foundation to make up for shortcomings, build a mechanism to cover the bottom line, and successfully achieve poverty alleviation in 2018, becoming the first county in Ningxia to get rid of poverty. This report believes that under the leadership of the Party and the government, the people of Yanchi have successfully put into practice the road of poverty alleviation and poverty alleviation with Chinese characteristics, created a great miracle in poverty alleviation, and completely changed the historical face of Yanchi. The Yanchi experience of poverty alleviation is to strictly follow the major decision-making and deployment made by the Party Central Committee to win the battle against poverty, implement ten projects such as industrial poverty alleviation, financial poverty alleviation, photovoltaic poverty alleviation, and infrastructure improvement, target the weak links of the poor people to develop industrial capital shortage, take this as a breakthrough point in poverty alleviation work, innovate and carry out mutual aid funds, rating credit, four-credit platform construction and other financial poverty alleviation microcredit work, comprehensively build a social credit system, create a creditworthy society, innovate guarantee models, and combine "mutual aid funds" Thousand Villages Credit "leveraged several times the development funds and expanded the coverage of rating credit for poor households; The innovative implementation of "poverty alleviation and insurance" has solved ten major problems such as the difficulty of establishing loans for poor households and returning to poverty due to disasters, forming a unique salt pond model. The significance of the Yanchi model lies in giving full play to its political, institutional and policy advantages, adopting comprehensive measures, increasing the intensity of poverty alleviation, consolidating the foundation, teaching people to fish, blocking the intergenerational transmission of poverty from the source, and completely changing the backward appearance of poverty-stricken areas. At the same time, consolidate and improve the achievements in poverty alleviation, adhere to the policy of taking off hats without taking off responsibilities, hats without taking off hats, taking off hats without taking off help, and hats without taking off supervision, and combine poverty alleviation work with the implementation of rural revitalization strategies to truly make the county economy strong and farmers rich. Keywords: poverty alleviation; "Zone 3"; poverty labels; Abstract: Yanchi County, Ningxia, is located at the junction of Shaanxi,Gansu,Ningxia and Inner Mongolia,and on the south edge of the Mu Us Desert.It is an old revolutionary base area and national poverty-stricken county. Even in a long period,Yanchi County is the representative of remote and poverty-stricken areas. The poverty alleviation way in Yanchi County has gone through five stages: construction of“Three-Xi”(Hexi,Dingxi and Xihaigu)(1983-1993),“double-hundred”priority poverty alleviation(1994-2000),1000-village poverty alleviation(2001-2010),poverty alleviation for millions of poor people(2011-2015)and targeted poverty alleviation(2016-2020). Through the unremitting efforts of several generations,Yanchi County successfully achieved poverty relief. In particular,since the Eighteenth Congress of the Communist Party of China,Yanchi County has thoroughly implemented the general strategy of targeted poverty alleviation and poverty relief proposed by General Secretary Xi Jinping,taken the full resources of the county to change poverty,found the right way for priority poverty relief,firmly established the main responsibility, well aroused the endogenous power of the poverty-stricken masses,coordinated the implementation of ten projects of industry poverty alleviation,financial poverty alleviation, photovoltaic poverty alleviation,poverty alleviation through science and technology,ecologi cal poverty alleviation,foundation improvement,etc. By focusing on the development of Tan sheep,pasture,Chinese medi cal herbs,minor coarse cereals,daylily and family-run small variety industry suitable for farmers to increase their income, strengthening the industry to stabilize the income increase,consolidating the foundation to make up for the weakness,and building a mechanism to ensure the basic life,Yanchi was successfully removed from the poverty list in 2018,becoming the first county in Ningxia.In this report,it is believed that under the leadership of the Party and government,the people in Yanchi County successfully have put the poverty alleviation and relief way with Chinese characteristics into practice,created a great miracle in priority poverty relief,and fundamentally changed the histori cal features of Yanchi.Experience of Yanchi in the priority poverty relief: Yanchi County has made major decisions and arrangements for priority poverty relief as per the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China strictly,implemented ten projects of industry poverty alleviation,financial poverty alleviation,photovoltaic poverty alleviation,foundation improvement,etc.,taken the weak link of fund shortage in the industry development of the poverty-stricken masses as the breakthrough of poverty alleviation,innovated and conducted the mutual financial poverty alleviation microfinance work such as mutual funds,rating and credit granting and construction of four-credit platform,to comprehensively construct the social credit system and create the credible society; innovated the guarantee mode,leveraged the development funds of several times through combination of“mutual funds”and“1000-village credit”,enlarged the coverage of the rating and credit granting system for registered poverty-stricken households; and innovated and implemented the“poverty alleviation insurance”,to solve ten difficult problems of registered povertystricken households,including loan difficulty and poverty returning due to diseases and disasters,and form the Yanchi mode with unique features. The significance of Yanchi model lies in full exerting politi cal,institutional and policy advantages,adopting comprehensive measures,increasing the intensity of priority poverty relief, and constantly consolidating the foundation by“teaching people to fish”,to truly block intergenerational transmission of poverty from the source and channel,and completely change the backward appearance of poverty areas. At the same time,Yanchi County has consolidated and improved the poverty relief results,and adhered to the policy of insisting on responsibilities,policies,supporting and supervision after getting rid of poverty and being removed from the poverty list and combining the poverty alleviation and implementation of rural revitalization,so as to truly strengthen the county-level economy and enrich the peasants. Key Words: Priority Poverty Relief,“Three-Area”,Poverty Label,Yanchi Experience(AI翻译)

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